In a general way, we use active and passive voices both. At most of the times active voices are reflected in our writing but in some special cases, we use passive voice too.
Common difference in both the voices:
Active voice: We use the subject of the sentence at first, as the initiator of the work. Simpler, the active sentence starts from the subject that has a responsibility to complete the work.
Passive voice: If you describe any event in the passive voice, you need to put the actor or subject at the end of the sentence. The thing which has been done comes at the first portion. You need to add both the portions of a sentence with the help of a word “by”.
Example: The biggest train robbery was executed by the most brutal gang.
If you want to convert this sentence into active, you need to put the activities in reversal manner. “The most brutal gang executed the biggest train robbery”. A changeover of actions and removal of “by” or the conjunction you used, will convert the passive voice to active or vice versa.
Now the question is that what is the time to use the passive voice and when you should avoid it? Learn it, as when you need to narrate the story which is only for reference, you can use passive voice. But remember that in a paragraph, if you put more than two sentences in passive voice, your writings will lose the charm and attention. People will switch to next available article. Naturally, people love to be in active mode, whether in working, writing or reading. So, maintain 80:20 ratios in active and passive sentences in your article.
The places where you should use the passive voice:-
- When you don’t know about the action done.
- When the subject is not relevant to the narration.
- When you want to be neutral.
- When you explaining any universal truth.
- When you need to emphasize any particular thing.
- When you are writing an article based on a scientific subject. Maximum science narrations are described as the action of past and you don’t have an active role in those deeds.
The places where you need to avoid using passive voice
- When you are writing about academic subjects. Where you are not sure about the facts and action did.
- When your narration is based on multiple types of research.
- When you feel that the simplicity of your narration is losing.
- When you don’t want to make any loop point in your research. Explain straightway.
- When you want that your narration should pin readers as your interaction.
- When you want to explain the facts in shorter sentences. (Normally passive sentences need more words to explain the smaller fact).
Keeping a lot of passive sentences in your article would create confusion only. Readers won’t be able to come on a point to decide whether you were narrating or asking or just throwing the facts. If found any problem in finding the role of active and passive sentences in your writing, take help of any professional grammar checker. But before asking for any help from such professionals, an implant that your smaller lose action will put you in confusion again. These people can point out a lot of mistakes in your narration being a part of their professional life. So, better to have your sentences checked through a lot of online options available. Keep Grammarly installed into your system. It is my sincere advice that please don’t attempt to type a draft article from mobile devices. Desktop or laptop is the best technical support for writing.